Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Nowadays, many people of all ages suffer from a common medical condition called diabetes. If you are wondering what it means, diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder that arises when your blood sugar level or glucose is too high. It usually develops when your pancreas does not make enough insulin or your body is not responding effectively to the effects of insulin. 

If you have diabetes, you may experience health symptoms, including frequent urge to urinate and weight loss. You can visit the best diagnostic lab for a complete health body checkup. If you cannot visit a lab, you can avail yourself of home collection services offered by the best lab. Healthcare experts may do blood sample collection from home and quickly deliver medical reports.

Types of Diabetes

1. Type 1 Diabetes

It is a health condition wherein the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. It results in a body’s incapability to produce more insulin (a hormone that plays a critical role in regulating blood sugar). 

People with Type 1 Diabetes can get the required insulin through pumps or injections. It is usually diagnosed in childhood or adolescence but can occur at any age. 

2. Type 2 Diabetes

It is commonly associated with lifestyle factors, such as poor diet, lack of exercise, and obesity. In this type of diabetes, the body may produce insulin, but it becomes less effective. The pancreas may produce insufficient insulin to meet a body’s needs. It can be managed with positive lifestyle changes and prescribed medications. 

3. Gestational Diabetes

It usually occurs during pregnancy when a woman’s body cannot produce enough insulin to meet increased needs. Gestational diabetes can be overcome after childbirth. However, it may increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes in both the mother and the baby. To manage gestational diabetes, a woman may receive proper medical attention and follow a proper diet & exercise routine. 

Causes of Diabetes

You must note that the causes of diabetes are multifaceted. Some of the common causes are mentioned below:-

1. Hereditary

If you have a family history of diabetes, you are at a higher risk of developing it. However, you can visit your doctor frequently and minimize the risk of diabetes. You can follow the doctor-recommended precautions and ensure your well-being.

2. Obesity

If you have excessive body weight, you may be at risk of Type 2 diabetes. Due to obesity, you may have insulin resistance, making it harder for cells to respond to insulin effectively. 

If you are obese, you can visit the best diagnostic center today. With early identification of potential health risks, you may stay safe and healthy. 

3. Unhealthy Diet

Due to an intake of unhealthy food, there can be a rapid spike in your blood sugar levels. Thus, it is advisable to eat healthy food items and minimize processed & sugary dietary items. 

4. Sedentary Lifestyle

If you lack physical activity in your daily routine, you are more likely to develop diabetes. Exercise can help control blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. 

5. Hormonal Changes

Hormonal imbalance may cause disorders like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), increasing the risk of diabetes. 

Symptoms of Diabetes

You must note that symptoms of diabetes vary from one individual to another. The common symptoms of diabetes include:-

  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth or increased thirst
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Blurred vision
  • Weight loss
  • Numbness
  • Tingling sensation in your hands or feet
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts
  • Frequent skin infection
  • Viagina yeast infection

If you suffer from any of the symptoms mentioned above, you must seek immediate medical care before it worsens.

Diagnosis & Treatment

At the best diagnostic center, healthcare professionals may listen to your health problems patiently and conduct precise diagnoses to monitor your condition. They may conduct several medical tests to know the root cause of problems and offer effective treatments. If you cannot visit a lab, you can also book a slot for blood sample collection from home for necessary medical tests, such as:-

1. HbA1c (Glycated Haemoglobin)

It is a blood test that helps determine average glucose levels in the blood during the past 2-3 months. This blood test does not require fasting, making it more convenient for patients to give their blood samples. 

2. Blood Glucose Fasting

Fasting means that individuals should not eat or drink anything except water for 8 hours before giving the blood sample. Blood glucose fasting tests determine whether a human body can precisely store or utilize glucose. Additionally, it diagnoses gestational diabetes (during pregnancy). 

3. Blood Glucose Postprandial (PPBS)

This test is conducted after two hours of having a meal. If an individual suffers from diabetes, there can be an abnormal spike in blood glucose levels. The postprandial blood glucose test shows the response of a human’s body after sugar and carbohydrate intake in a meal. 

If you are diabetes positive, the doctors may provide effective treatment, prescribe medicines, and suggest lifestyle changes, like going out for walks. 

Sum Up

It is essential to stay mentally and physically active. You must seek immediate medical care if you experience any unusual health symptoms. Any delay in diagnosis and treatment may worsen the condition. 

If you are experiencing any symptoms of diabetes, such as fatigue and dry mouth, you can visit the best diagnostic center. If you cannot visit a lab, you may avail yourself of lab-provided services, like home sample collection. At your convenience, doctors may do blood test sample collection from home and quickly deliver medical reports. So, contact the best diagnostic lab today and know your health status. 

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